Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
'H' 'I' 'J'
Ganondagan State Historical Site
Just southeast of Rochester, New York, in the town of Victor, lies Ganondagan (ga·NON·da·gan), the site of a Native American community that was a flourishing, vibrant center for the Seneca people.
Haudenosaunee Official Page
Welcome to the Haudenosaunee Home Page, the official source of news and information from the Haudenosaunee, comprised of the traditional leadership of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk and Tuscarora Nations. Haudenosaunee means People Building a Long House. That Long House is a way of life where the many native nations live in peace under one common law.
The original homeland of the Iroquois was in upstate New York between the Adirondack Mountains and Niagara Falls. Through conquest and migration, they gained control of most of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada
Iroquois Constitution
Iroquois Longhouse
The text emphasizes the design, and the architecture and construction, of the Iroquois longhouse as it appeared 400 years ago, and before European influence drastically changed the Iroquois culture. The intention is to present Iroquois technology as it was before the influx of Europeans. The design of the longhouse reflects the social organization within Iroquois culture. Its architecture and construction are adapted to the raw materials available to the Iroquois in their immediate surroundings, and to the tools and technology in their possession.
Kanienkehaka Language Home Page
The Iroquois are in the throes of reinventing themselves yet again, a tradition that is itself seven times seven generations old. For the most part, these are wise and principled people, who understand that nothing is ever settled once and for all, and who have learned to live comfortably with uncertainty that understanding entails. Despite everything that has occurred through their long past and the uncertainty of the future, the Iroqouis prepare the way for the seventh generation still to come.
Mohawks of Akwesasne
The Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne is part of the Greater Mohawk Nation who presently live on a number of territories stretching along the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers, by Lake Ontario and beyond, all the way to Brantford, Ontario, Canada. The territory called "Akwesasne" straddles the international boundary of Canada and the United States of America, and the national boundaries of two Canadian Provinces and the US New York State Line.
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte
The ancestral homeland of the Mohawk Nation is the Mohawk River Valley of present day New York State. The Mohawks are considered the easternmost tribe within the Iroquois/Six Nations Confederacy consisting of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora Nations.
Ohwejagehka Ha`degaenage:
is a nonprofit organization based on Six Nations of the Grand River in Ontario Canada that was established to help preserve and nurture the Iroquoian languages and songs.
Oneida Language-Oral History Project
At the time of first contact, the English and the French had been using written language for centuries, while Oneidas relied on the oral tradition.
Traditional Oneida Culture
The Oneida Tribe are members of the League of the Iroquois, a confederacy of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk based on mutual non-aggression. At a later date, the Tuscarora joined the Confederacy. The Oneida’s traditional territory is in upstate New York. The Oneida refer to themselves as Oneyoteaka, "People of the Standing Stone": according to Oneida traditions, there was always a large, red boulder near the main Oneida village. Oneida Creek and Oneida Lake in north central New York state were the principal areas of the Oneida homeland.
Onondagas: The Firekeepers
The Onondaga call themselves Onoda'gega, sometimes spelled Onontakeka, which means People of the Hills, or Onondagaono (The People of the Hills).
Peace 4 Turtle Island
This site is built on the philosophy that Peace can be obtained for all the sacred colors of mankind and harmony restored to Mother Earth when people honor and respect the original instructions that were given to each people by the Creator. This site will attempt to take a step towards providing a path towards Respect, Peace, and Gentle Harmony by providing culturally sensitive and accurate information about the Iroquois, or as we prefer to call ourselves the Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse).
SHARE - Strenghtening Haudenosaunee-American Relations Through Education
SHARE's mission is to promote opportunities for education and mutual respect between the Haudenosaunee and American people, our communities, and governments. We want to ensure a mutually respectful coexistence that upholds the dignity, spirit, and integrity of all people.
The Eastern Door is a community based newspaper serving the Mohawks of Kahnawake regardless of birth, sex, age, language, politics or religion. The paper strives to be a factual, balanced, authoritative source of information with access to all segments of the community.
Tsyunhehkwa Center
Playing a pivotal role in the re-introduction of high quality, organically grown foods that will ensure a healthier and more fulfilling life for the Oneida People of the Standing Stone and being facilitators of positive dietary and nutritional change throughout our community and Turtle Island.
Havasupai means "people of the blue green water". Havasupais have dwelt in the Grand Canyon and the rest of north-central Arizona for over 1,000 years, practicing summertime irrigated farming in the canyons and wintertime hunting in the plateaus. The Havasupai Tribe Reservation is at the end of Indian Route 18 off historic Route 66. It consists of 188,077 acres of canyon land and broken plateaus abutting the western edge of the Grand Canyon's south rim. Residents live in Supai Village in the 3,000 foot deep Havasu Canyon. The reservation was established in 1880 and substantially enlarged in 1975. The tribe is known for its location, traditional cultural life, and beautiful arts and crafts.
Havasupai Tribe
Havasuw `Baaja, the people of the blue green waters, are the traditional guardians of the Grand Canyon. Related to the Yuman, the Havasupai have from the beginning, inhabited the Grand Canyon and its environs. The Havasupai Reservation is located in Coconino County, at the southwest corner of the Grand Canyon National Park. The nearest community to the Reservation is Peach Springs, 64 miles southwest from Hualapai Hilltop.
Southwest Indian Peoples: Havasupai
The Havasupai reservation was established in 1880, and was enlarged substantially in 1974.
Aha Punana Leo
Aloha! Welcome to the Web site for 'Aha Pünana Leo, Inc. The 'Aha Pünana Leo is often said to have the most developed set of Native American language revitalization programs in the United States. Our organization assists Native Hawaiians and indigenous peoples world wide who share our quest to maintain and develop traditional languages and cultures for life today.
Educate Hawaii
Aloha! This website has been developed in part to educate the public on the Native Hawaiian culture. It is our vision that the perpetuation of the culture and language remain for the next generation of Hawaiians. It is our hope that this site serves to answer your questions and incites your mind to think about the issues of the Hawaiian population.
The Hawaiian Language Website
Ke Kahua Pûnaewele `Ôlelo Hawai`i
Native Tongue - Discover the Hawaiian Language
This glossary of Hawaiian words contains sound files of oral translations by Aletha Kaohi and E. Kalani Flores.
We will be adding new words, their definitions and oral translations as Aloha from Hawai'i grows. We hope you find these translations helpful in your quest for knowledge about the Hawaiian language.

You can learn more about the Hawaiian language here.
See Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara
The Encyclopedia of Hotcâk (Winnebago) Mythology
The encyclopædic account of Hotcâk mythology, legend, and folklore is the outgrowth of a project begun many years ago under the auspices of Prof. John Ingham of the University of Minnesota Anthropology Department. It can be truly said that none of this would have been possible without his initiative, encouragement, insight, and infectious enthusiasm.
Some stories related here may contain subject matter not suitable for children.
Ho-Chunk Historical Society
The Ho-Chunk Historical Society is a non-profit historical society dedicated to preserving the culture and history of the Winnebago tribe. We are open to the public and welcome all visitors.
Ho-Chunk History
For over 350 years, the French knew of these people as the Winnebago Indians, even though this name is not correct. The name "Winnebago" was actually bestowed upon the tribe by the Fox Indians.
Ho-Chunk Nation
The Ho Chunk People have remained and continue to remain one of the strongest indigenous Nations in the United States. This is because the Elders of the Nation are honored and their teachings have upheld throughout history.
Little Priest Community College
In the Winnebago heritage of respect, integrity and self reliance, Little Priest Tribal College was chartered by the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, a sovereign nation, to provide higher education opportunities for Winnebago tribal members and regional residents.
Winnebago History
The Winnebago do not remember a time when they did not live at Red Banks on the south shore of Green Bay. Their occupation of Wisconsin is very ancient, perhaps thousands of years.
The Winnebago Tribe
This is the home of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska's web site ... it is full of interesting information so please visit often. The aim of our site is to provide information about our reservation, for and about the Winnebago people. The Winnebago tribal homelands are located in the northeast corner of Nebraska, and a portion of western Iowa.
Hopi Literacy Workshops
Since the summer of 1998, every four or five weeks, Emory Sekaquaptewa drives from Tucson to the Hopi Reservation to conduct three-day classes on Hopi literacy for the students in the Hopi High School and Hotevilla-Bacavi Community School. In the evenings, a group of adults gather at his house to study how to read and write in the Hopi language.
The Hopi People
The Hopi live on top of and around three Mesas (a high plateau or tableland with steep sides) in the arid highlands of northern Arizona.
Hopi Pu'tavi Project, Inc
The Village of Mishongnovi knows that cultural preservation is inextricably tied with language, with youth and with economic development. In a groundbreaking effort, the village has initiated a program to teach tradition, teach language and provide economic development in one fell swoop
Kuwawata - Welcome to the Official Website of the Hopi Tribe
This web site was developed by the Hopi Tribe to respond to the many requests for up-to-date, accurate public information. We welcome every courteous request and suggestion. We can provide general information or link you to informed sources. However, we cannot provide customized research information , questions of a spiritual and sacred nature, or advice on personal commercial transactions related to Hopi arts and crafts.
The Official Hopi Cultural Preservation Center
The Hopi are a diverse group of people who vary in their attitudes and beliefs. The information and views expressed within these pages may not be uniformly held by all Hopis.
Hupa Language
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Avataq Cultural Institute
The Avataq Cultural Institute was created in 1980 with a mandate to protect and promote Inuit language and culture in Nunavik. Since its inception, the Institute has recognized the valuable role of Elders in Inuit society. As a result, it pushed for the creation of the Inuit Elders Conference, the first of which was held in Kangirsuk in 1981.
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
Welcome to the web presence of the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. We are the national Inuit organization in Canada, representing the four Inuit regions - Labrador, Nunavik (northern Quebec), Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit region in the Northwest Territories.
Kangirsuk, meaning 'the bay' in Inuktitut, is located on the north shore of the Payne River, 13 km inland from Ungava Bay. The village lies between a rocky cliff to the north and a large, rocky hill to the west
Nunavut is changing quickly as a brand-new government is built and the economy evolves alongside it. We here at are committed to keeping up with those changes. Whether you're looking for contact information for a Nunavut business, government department or non-governmental organization, a link to another Nunavut-related Web site, or background information on our new territory, is the first place to turn.
Nunavut Match
Match the English name with the traditional Inuktitut name. Some communities don't use the English name anymore. Do you know which ones?
Paulatuk, Northwest Territories
The name Paulatuk (Paulatuuq) means, "a place one finds soot". The hamlet derives its name from the nearby Smoking Hills, where local Inuit (Inuvialuit) gathered coal.
Rankin Inlet
Rankin Inletís Inuktitut name is Kangiqtiniq which means: Inlet. Our elders are a very important part of our community, they bring us together and guide us. We know most everyone within the community which brings everyone together to support each other.


Iñupiaq History, Language and Culture
The mission of the Iñupiat History, Language and Culture (IHLC) division is to document, preserve, and perpetuate the history, language and culture of the North Slope region and to ensure that cultural issues are given appropriate consideration during the planning process. IHLC’s actions help fulfill the borough’s founding commitment to its Iñupiaq heritage and to protect cultural and subsistence resources for all residents of the North Slope.
editor's note: Check out the videos!
Kivgiq is a three-day, mid-winter festival held in Barrow that features dancing, trading, story-telling, gift-giving, Eskimo games, a traditional foot race and feasting.
Kivgiq 2003
See Haudenosaunee
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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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